FAQ about Turkish Railways

Here are answers to questions frequently asked about TCDD, Turkish railways and liberalization.

What is DDGM?

DDGM (Demiryolu Düzenleme Genel Müdürlügü) is the railway authoritiy of Turkey. DDGM determines the policies, publishes the legislation and follows if all parties meet the rules and specifications.

What is TCDD Tasimacilik AS?

It’s the first train operator of Turkey, a subsidiary of TCDD. The passenger, freight and maintanance departmants had splitted from TCDD, and became a separate legal entity. It became a profit oriented company.

Do we need licence for rail transport in Turkey?

For being rail operator or forwarder, you need licence. The legislation for licence had been published last year.

Can we bring our freight wagon fleet to Turkey?

Wagons registered outside Turkey can run on Turkish rail network max for 3 months. Registering the foreign wagons in Turkey is also restricted. No wagon can be imported to Turkey, unless it cannot be produced in Turkey.

Is there any private operator in Turkey?

Yes, there are two private operators currently (as of February 2018) in Turkey: Omsan Logistics and Tupras. They are running their own trains.

Can we rent rolling stock in Turkey?

Yes, TCDD Tasimacilik had published a tariff for renting its freight wagons and locos. However, due to not meeting the demand, TCDD Tasimacilik can hardly rent its locos.

There are some global companies interested in this fleet renting business as well, but has not started yet (as of February 2018).

Is there any incentive about railway transportation in Turkey?

Yes, there are strong incentives for the companies who’d like to invest in railway business.

Is rail tariff standard for every company and load?

In general yes. But being in a free market, TCDD Tasimacilik now has the right to give special offers for long-term transports to be able to compete with private operators.

Will TCDD Tasimacilik get subsidies from government?

Yes, until the end of 2020.

If you have a general question about Turkish railways, ask us. Answer will be published here.