Not only Turkey, but also Europe has long term targets for railway.
Europe is expecting a 60% increase in demand for rail freight, thus CER (The Community of Europen Railway and Infrastructure Companies) has the following targets:
- Bring the market share of rail from 17% to 23%
- Increase the commercial punctuality of block trains to 97% with 60 minuttes tolerance (trucks have 95% punctuailty)
- Increase the commecial speed of block trains to 60km/h (trucks have 50 km/h)
- Provide 90% correct ETA information
For these CER focuses on 6 main freight corridors in Europe. The target is to achieve following critearias in these routes:
- Increase the train length to min 750m in and min 1000m in some intermodal routes. min 1500m is adviced in long term.
- Standardize the axle load at 22,5to/axle. 90% of the theese corridors already have this.
- All these corridors meet the loading gauge of GB/PC45 which allows high-cube containers and rolling highway. But GC/PC400 is prefered in long term.
- Increase the technical speed of the lines to above 100 km/h (93% of the corridors meet this criteria).
- ETCS/ERTMS Level 2 is the minimum target value in these corridors. Level 3 is adviced in long term.
- GSM-R will be the only telecommunication method accepted in these corridors.
- 2 tracks in all these corridors
- Reach to 100 trains/day in each direction of a double-track line.
These need not only infrastructure upgrades, but also;
- Rail cars with stronger coupling system
- Non air-pressure-based breaking systems
- Stronger traction units
- Longer feeder lines and customer sidings
- New marshalling yards