Bursa Mudanya Railway

160th anniversary of Turkish railways – Turkish Republic period

Turkish State Railways (TCDD) is celebrating its 160th anniversary.

The history of railways of Anatolia started 160 years ago with Izmir-Aydin railway. European companies leaded the railway in Ottoman period, where State determined everything in Turkish Republic. The target of expanding railway network to all over Anatolia was the target. The network constructed at first years of Republic still carries the biggest portion of freight even today.

Here below are the milestones of last 93 years of railway in Anatolia:

Medal of independence for Behiç Erken

1923 – Railways played an important role in Independence War. The director of Anatolian Trains Company, Mr Behiç Erken, was awarded medal of independence by Turkish Parliament, due to his great efforts.

1924 – Anatolia Baghdad Railway Directorate was founded to nationalize the railway network in Anatolia (4559 km) and develop it.

160th anniversary of Turkish railways – Ottoman period

First railway of Turkish Republic

1925 – The first railway constructed by Turkish Republic, Ankara-Yerköy railway (203 km) opened.

1927 – Kayseri was connected to national network.

Nationalization started

1928 – Nationalization started. First company to nationalize is Anatolia Railway Company.

1930 – Sivas was connected to national network.

1931 – Malatya was connected to national network.

1932 – Samsun was connected to national network. 1829 km long railway was completed in the first 10 years of Turkish Republic. Total network had reached to 6388 km.

Railway reached out east

1934 – Elazığ was connected to national network.

1935 – Diyarbakır and Gaziantep were connected to national network.

1936 – Isparta and Burdur were connected to national network.

1937 – Divriği was connected to national network.

1938 – Erzincan was connected to national network.

Railway plant to Sivas

1939 – Erzurum was connected to national network. Railway plant was founded at Sivas (today Tüdemsaş).

Tudemsas authorized for maintanance

1943 – 1585 km long railway was completed in the second 10 years of Turkish Republic.

1948 – Kahramanmaraş was connected to national network. Nationalization of 4889 km-long railway network completed.

1949 – Second track was laid along Sirkeci-Halkalı and Haydarpaşa-Gebze.

1951 – Kars and USSR border (now Armenia) were connected to national network. Wagon repair workshop was founded at Adapazarı (today Tüvasaş).

1953 – 337 km long railway was completed in the third 10 years of Turkish Republic. The railway directorate had become a public enterprise with today’s name, Turkish State Railways (TCDD).

First electric suburban train

1955 – The first suburban train running with electricity started service on Sirkeci-Halkalı stretch.

1957 – Train chash at Istanbul. The biggest train accident with 95 dead.

First loco produced in Turkey

1961 – First steam loco (Karakurt) was produced in Eskişehir Railway Plant (today Tülomsaş).

1963 – 226 km long railway was completed in the fourth 10 years of Turkish Republic.

1970 – Second track on Sincan-Ankara-Kayaş stretch constructed.

1971 – Edirne and Bulgarian border, Van and Iran border were connected to national network.

1973 – 320 km long railway was completed in the fifth 10 years of Turkish Republic.

1983 – 98 km long railway was completed in the sixth 10 years of Turkish Republic. .

First diesel loco produced in Turkey

1985 – First diesel electric mainline loco (DE 24000) was produced under the licences of Traction Export and Chantiers de L’Atlantique.

1986 – First DE 11000 mainline and shunting loco was produced under the licence of Krauss Maffei.

1987 – First DE 22000 mainline loco was produced under the licence of General Motors.

1987 – First electric loco (E 43000) was produced under the licence of Toshiba.

1993 – 95 km long railway was completed in the seventh 10 years of Turkish Republic.

2003 – 216 km long railway was completed in the eighth 10 years of Turkish Republic. Construction of first high speed train line (Ankara-Polatlı-Eskişehir) started. First DE 33000 was produced under the licence of General Motors.

High Speed Lines of Turkey – The Complete Guide

2004 – The project of speeding up the passenger trains using the maximum possible speed on the line had been stopped after the train accident at Pamukova where 36 passengers lost their lives.

First high speed train

2009 – The first high speed line of Turkey opened between Ankara and Eskişehir.

2011 – Polatlı-Konya high speed line opened. High speed train service between Ankara and Konya started.

2012 – Production of DE 36000 (Powerhaul) under the licence of General Motors started.

Asia and Europe connected by rail

2013 – 240 km long conventional and 888 km high speed railway was completed in the ninth 10 years of Turkish Republic. Marmaray tunnel connecting European and Asian sides of Istanbul opened. Law for liberalization of railway transportation in Turkey published. Suburban lines were closed for engineering works. First E68000 electric loco was produced under licence of Hyundai Rotem.

Marmaray project

2014 – Eskişehir-İstanbul (Pendik) high speed line opened (conventional line used partially).

2015 – The first locally produced electric shunting loco E1000 was on rail.

TCDD Taşımacılık AŞ founded

2016 – TCDD is splitted into two as infrastructure operator and train operator. TCDD Taşımacılık AŞ became the first train operator of Turkey.

Cover Photo: Bursa City Museum

Leave Your Question/Comment

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s