Railway connected ports are not a few in Turkey.
This work is updated and republished in 2017.
However, only a few of them are able to use those connections very effectively and for even less, loads transported by rail has a considerable share in total volume.
Railway connections generally exist in ports once build by government (most of them have been privatized). A few private ones have limited connections. But more have updating their long-term plans according to expectation of growth in railway transportation.
Railway connected ports in Turkey are as follows:
Derince Port is situated at the northeast of Marmara Sea, at the west side of Izmit. Operated by TCDD. Under privatization program. But the tender is cancelled again. The biggest port for bulk cargo in the region. Densely used in finished vehicle transportation as well. 2 million tonnes was handled in 2012.
Derince Port is has the strongest railway infrastructure in the region. There are two rail ferry ramps within the port. One is connecting Asia to Europe with the Tekirdag Derince Ferry. Other is the second connection to Russia. Ferry is carrying Russian wagons to Poti currently.
Evyap Port, at the north of Marmara Sea, 10 km to the west of Izmit. A private port for container and liquid bulk vessels. 400k TEU and 600k liquid is handled in 2012.
Haydarpasa Port is situated in Marmara Sea, just at the enterance of Bosphorus. Operated by TCDD. Container, general cargo, bulk cargo and Ro-Ro vessels are using the port. 1,6 million tonnes handled in 2012. Port is railway connected through Haydarpasa Train Station. There are two rail ferry ramps within the port. Because of the Marmaray project, the railway connection cannot be used for the next two years. There’s also a project mainly focused on the cruise ships which may end the cargo handling in the port.
Izmir Port, situated in Aagean Sea, within the city Izmir. Operated by TCDD. Densely used by cruise and container lines. In 2012, 289 cruise ships visited, 700k TEU handled, 9.3 million tonnes handled in total.
The railway lines that connect Izmir Port to national railway network is also used by Izmir municipality for mass transportation. Furthermore, storage area of port is hardly enough for the current container traffic. Thus, railway usage is limited with container traffic in general.
Limak Port İskenderun
Limak Port Iskenderun, situated at the northeast of Mediterranean Sea, in the city of Iskenderun. Privatized in 2011. Operated by Limak. A frequently used port for transit loads to Middle East. Ro-Ro, ropax, bulk load, general cargo and container vessels are using the port.
Mersin Port, situated at the norheast of Mediterranean Sea, in the city of Mersin. Privatized in 2007, operated now by MIP, a joint venture company of PSA International and Akfen Group. Container, general cargo, project cargo, Ro-Ro, bulk cargo and cruise vessels are using the port. There are 21 berths in port, and 22 million tonnes of cargo is handled annually in average. There’s a direct connection to Mersin Free Zone from the port.
There are 4 railway ramps in Mersin Port. Containers can be handled without any need of shunting. 5 of the berths has railway connection, where loading/unloading to/from vessels can be done directly.
Nemport, situated in Aegean Sea, 55 km to the north of Izmir. The first private container port of the region. No direct railway connection to port. But Bicerova Railway Terminal is 800mt away. And there’s a container storage area of port, which is next to railway terminal. Thus, containers are being transported to/from port by rail.
Port of Bandırma
Port of Bandirma, situated in the south of Marmara Sea. Privatized in 2010, now being operated by Celebi Group. Ro-Ro vessels carrying trucks to/fom Istanbul are using this port. Containers of Balo train is transported via this port as well.
It’s possible to handle the goods/containers that are coming by rail directly within the port. There are also parking lines next to port. TCDD is going to build a new ramp for the rail ferry to run between Tekirdag and Bandirma.
Samsun Port, situated in the south of Black Sea, in city of Samsun. Privatized in 2010. Operated by Ceynak. The biggest port of Turkey in Black Sea. Great portion of trade with Russia is done via this port. Ro-Ro vessels are also using this port.
There is a rail ferry service to Kavkaz from Samsun Port. The ramp allows to unload the Russian wagons to port. There are lines for both standart gauge and broad gauge in port. There’s also a axle-change station in port.
Tekirdag Port, situated at the west of Marmara Sea, in the city of Tekirdag. Operated by Turkish Maritime Office. The only railway connected port in European side of Turkey. The rail ferry ramp has recently started to be used. Tekirdag Derince Ferry is using this port. Balo and IFB trains are using this port as well.
TTK Zonguldak Port, situated at the southwest of Black Sea, in the city of Zonguldak. Operated by Turkish Coal Company. Port is being used by general cargo and bulk cargo vessels as well as the Ro-Ro vessels to Ukrain. Port is railway connected, and has a warehouse for coal loads. Port has also a ferry ramp, but not being used for the time being.
Yilport Yarimca (also known as Rotaport), situated in north of Marmara Sea, between Istanbul and Izmit. Bulk loads are mainly handled in this port.
Cover Photo: Eksper Rail ©