One of the remarkable targets of Transportation Ministry in 2023 Strategy is the logistic centers.
Unquestionably, deorganized and non-railway-connected industry is a big barrier for the development of railways in Turkey. If railway connected logistic centers can be center of attraction for the relocating Turkish industry due to incentives and urbanization, railway transportation in Turkey, mostly limited with mining and container, can break its walls.
The 18 logistic centers (although different numbers declared in different sources, TCDD’s website is used) to be constructed by TCDD and completed till 2023 are listed as follows:
Completed Logistic Centers: Halkali, Samsun-Gelemen, Usak
Logistic Centers with 1st Phase Completed: Kosekoy-Izmit, Hasanbey-Eskisehir, Kaklik-Denizli, Bogazkopru-Kayseri
Logistic Centers Under Construction: Yesilbayır-Istanbul, Gokkoy-Balikesir, Bozuyuk-Bilecek, Kayacik-Konya, Yenice-Mersin, Sivas, Turkoglu-Kahramanmaras, Kars, Palandoken-Erzurum, Mardin
Let’s see the completed and semi-completed ones in detail:
Halkali Logistic Center (Istanbul)
The terminal is currently closed to railway traffic because of construction works. It’s also the most important exports customs for trucks, but it’ll soon move to the new place in Ambarli. The terminal is in the middle of residences and will be an important stop for Marmaray passengers. So the future of Halkali as a logistic center for railway is also under discussion. Nonetheless, with strong customs, closed warehouses, a number of park lines, being the nearest terminal to industry, Halkali has been the last stop for almost all container trains from Europe. Terminal is established on 1m sqm, and 800k to was carried by rail in 2012. The most important change in terminal was the reconstruction of warehouses. Last month, there was a new tender of construction on 200k sqm of Halkali terminal.
Gelemen Lojistik Merkezi (Samsun)
The first phase of the center opened in 2007. It’s an important transition point for the loads to Russia and Kazakhistan. The total area for center is 350k sqm and target is to increase the traffic from 500k to to 1100k to. Realizations are 854k to in 2008, 597k to in 2011, 600k to in 2012. The long connection of Gelemen to west side of Turkey and the axle change in Russian wagons cause most of the loads to move in Turkey by truck and transshipped to Russian wagons in port, and limits the contribution of logistic center.
Usak Logistic Center
Established on 140k sqm, and has a target of doubling the traffic which is 113k to. Although stated as “completed”, last month, the president of Chambers of Industry and Commerce was complaining about the lack of railway connections to industry.
Kosekoy Logistic Center (Izmit)
Kosekoy is closed to railway traffic since 2012. Before that, especially Omsan trains and exports to Iran were being organized. When it’s completed, the total area of terminal will be 765k sqm, where now it’s 115k sqm. With the completion, the annual load flow will increase to 1.5m to from 600k to. TCDD had completed the preparations about bounded area recently and started the official process. Not having a separate customs may be a disadvantage. Planned to serve to Gebze-Izmit-Sakarya-Bursa regions. Its future will be determined by the effective and cheap customs, trucking and ferry services.
Hasanbey Logistic Center (Eskisehir)
The total area for the center is 630k sqm. It’s not opened yet. Is next to industrial region and has railway connection. Probably will be opened before elections. Annual load flow is planned to increase from 215k to 515k to.
Bogazkopru Logistic Center (Kayseri)
Bogazkopru Logistic Center is next to Kayseri Industry Region, and currently is being organized the longest container trains to Mersin. The railway connection passing through the city center will be shifted to out of city which will support logistic center as well. The construction started in 2009, and is planned to be ready in following months. When all completed, the total area will be 1.5m sqm and loads handled will reach to 1.7m to (currently it’s 700k to). The handling, storage and trucking is being held by a private company for a long time.
Kaklik Logistic Center (Denizli)
Kaklik is under construction. Last announcement about the opening of center was end of this year. Total area is planned to be 120k sqm, and the load flow is planned to increase from 150k to 500k to. Textile has an important place in Denizli industry, effective connections to container lines is essential for center.