Share of railway in foreign trade of Turkey is going down.
The share of railway in export and import of Turkey is halved in last 5 years. After USD 3.5 bn in 2010 and USD 4.4 in 2011, the value of goods carried by rail decreased to USD 2 bn last year.
The percentage of railway in foreign transport had decreased from 1.2% to 0.6% in the same period.
Most used modal in foreign transport was sea. Goods transported by sea is worth USD 198 bn in 2016, 58% of the whole foreign trade.
The Ro-Ro+railway solution via Trieste has an important affect in this decline, which is recorded as overland or sea.
|Turkish exports get on train at Trieste|
Syrian war had also effected which caused closure of Syria-Iraq railway.
End of Samsun-Kavkaz and Derince-Ilychevski rail ferry services is another factor.
Of course, the most important reason is that railway is still behind other solutions in terms of cost, speed and reliability.
|Can railway compete with trucks in Turkey?|
The share of railway will continue to decrease this year after Metrans, which has an important share in Turkey-Europe intermodal market, ends its intermodal train service by the end of this month.
|Earthquake in intermodal transport|
Cover Photo: Eksper Rail ©