Share of railway in foreign trade of Turkey is going down.
The share of railway in export and import of Turkey is halved in last 5 years. After USD 3.5 bn in 2010 and USD 4.4 in 2011, the value of goods carried by rail decreased to USD 2 bn last year.
The percentage of railway in foreign transport had decreased from 1.2% to 0.6% in the same period.
Most used modal in foreign transport was sea. Goods transported by sea is worth USD 198 bn in 2016, 58% of the whole foreign trade.
The Ro-Ro+railway solution via Trieste has an important affect in this decline, which is recorded as overland or sea.
Syrian war had also effected which caused closure of Syria-Iraq railway.
End of Samsun-Kavkaz and Derince-Ilychevski rail ferry services is another factor.
Of course, the most important reason is that railway is still behind other solutions in terms of cost, speed and reliability.
The share of railway will continue to decrease this year after Metrans, which has an important share in Turkey-Europe intermodal market, ends its intermodal train service by the end of this month.
Cover Photo: V. ©