Turkish cities started more and more using rail solutions for public transport.
The total network is more than 500 kilometers and the rolling stock exceeds 1800. Monthy ridership reaches to almost 100 mn.
Below table shows the monthy total ridership by cities including metros, LRVs and trams:
As seen, Istanbul has half of the rail passengers in urban transport. Istanbul has also the longest rail network, biggest rail car fleet and also started producing its own trams.
Let’s examine the figures comparing with the population of the cities. Eskisehir Tram (Estram), having UITP’s 2004 Rail Award, has the biggest coverage, where each citizen rides on rail almost 5 times a month. Izmir and Istanbul are following Eskisehir.
|City||Transport Frequency per Citizen*|
* Monthy ridership/city population (based on 2013 TUIK population statistics)
Another criteria is ridership per kilometer, which may help us understanding how efficient the rail system is. Istanbul has top ridership/km, where Eskisehir and Izmir follows:
Of course, there are different rail systems in cities which may cause unfair comparisons. So let’s examine metro, LRV, tram and suburban systems separetely.
There are 4 cities in Turkey with metros. Istanbul has the biggest network in terms of length and ridership.
LRVs are mainly overground with less capacity compared with metro systems. There are 3 cities with LRV network. Bursa has the biggest network in terms of length and ridership.
Trams are completely overground, sometimes using same space with cars, ability to run within streets and make sharp turns, having low capacity.
Istanbul has the second longest tram network with 2 lines, and has the biggest ridership.
Eskisehir is the second in ridership list, running 7 lines in considerably short network (16 km).
Kayseri has the longest tram network with 34 km, running 2 lines and is the third in ridership list.
* Old tram lines are excluded. Bursa statistics are based on first three months after opening.
Izmit (Kocaeli) will be added to cities with tram systems in 2017.
Suburban lines are the urban service on national rail network, which is given directly by or in cooperation with TCDD.
Izban in Izmir has the biggest ridership and longest network.
|Izban: Suburban trains of Izmir|
Marmaray is the second crowdest suburban service in list connecting European and Asian sides of Istanbul.
Below listed all suburban services in Turkey:
Izmir, Istanbul and Ankara has expansion plans in suburban service. Two additional cities, Kayseri and Gaziantep, are also planning to start suburban service.
The figures are based on following resources:
- Istanbul metro and tram: October 2015. Official figures.
- Istanbul Marmaray : August 2015. Official figures.
- Ankara : September 2015. Official figures.
- Izmir metro and Izban: October 2015. Press releases.
- Eskişehir : December 2014. Official figures.
- Kayseri : July 2015. Official figures.
- Bursa : 2012 for LRV, 2013 for tram. Press releases.
- Samsun, Konya, Gaziantep : 2014. Press releases.
- Adapazarı, Antalya, Adana: 2013. Approximate figures from press releases.
Photo: Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality